classical tradition has a variety of musical instruments that reflect
original creativity, adaptive innovation and assimilation.
The veena, the venu (the flute) and the drum find mention in the Vedas.
The sitar and the tabla have been innovated under Persian influence. The
West’s violin has been assimilated into Carnatic music so completely that
it is today as integral to it as the veena. Even the mandolin has been
welcomed into Indian classical music.
A variety of string, wind and percussion instruments articulate the genius
of Indian music, both Carnatic and Hindustani.