According to the report the two diseases kill more than two million children each year, which amounts to 29 percent of child deaths under the age of five worldwide. While pneumonia is responsible for 18 percent of childhood deaths worldwide each year diarrhea is linked to 11 percent of deaths.
UNICEF wants countries that are much affected by these two diseases to focus on treating diarrhea and pneumonia by introducing routine vaccination programmes and strongly believes that simple interventions could save lots of lives in the coming years.
UNICEF also adds that new vaccines against the major causes of pneumonia and diarrhea are already available and urged the developed nations and individuals to donate generously so that these vaccines can reach the poor.
Nearly 90 per cent of deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea occur in sub-Saharan Africa countries such as India, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Ethiopia.
According to a statistics available in UNICEF website, Oral rehydration salts (ORS) and oral rehydration therapy (ORT), adopted in the past by UNICEF and WHO, have been successful in helping manage diarrhea among children.